By Rachel Nordlinger, Felicity Meakins
This quantity is a grammatical description of Bilinarra, an endangered Australian language. This paintings attracts on fabrics gathered over a 20-year interval from the final first-language audio system of the language, so much of whom have due to the fact that passed on to the great beyond. distinctive cognizance is paid to all facets of the grammar, with all examples supplied with linked sound documents.
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Extra resources for A Grammar of Bilinarra: An Australian Aboriginal Language of the Northern Territory
McConvell and Meakins (2005; Meakins 2011b) claim that these codeswitching practices fossilised into a mixed language, referred to as Gurindji Kriol. This situation is probably also the case for the Bilinarra. 5. 4 Bilinarra life and culture today Nowadays most Bilinarra people live on their traditional lands at Pigeon Hole. Other Bilinarra people are found in Yarralin to the north and Kalkaringi to the south.
Other sites were important for the annual production of food in pre-contact times. Nawurndarni, a billabong on the Victoria River, is a Mindaarraj Dreaming. Leaves were traditionally brushed over a hole in the rocks here to help mindaarraj ‘water lilies’ grow. The Bilinarra, particularly women, also spent a great deal of time caring for children within a traditional framework of belief about life and its creation. Many of these beliefs are still current. Bilinarra people exist before their birth, according to Bilinarra belief.
BH: FM07_a043: 21:23 min) (3) GUR Nyila=ma=wula ma-na-ni warrguwarrguj. REDUP They would gather them up. (VD: FM11a_161: 01:01 min) A second point of diﬀerence between Bilinarra and Gurindji is the presence of a hither suﬃx in Bilinarra which attaches to inﬂecting verbs of motion such as ‘go’ or ‘take’, or action directed towards the deictic centre such as ‘look towards the speaker’. 1. (4) BIL Ga-nya-rra-rni=rnalu lurrbu na jiwirri na, yala-ngga=rni. S return FOC cooked FOC that-LOC=ONLY Then we would return there bringing the cooked (meat).
A Grammar of Bilinarra: An Australian Aboriginal Language of the Northern Territory by Rachel Nordlinger, Felicity Meakins