By Herman L. Bennett
Полное название:"Africans in Colonial Mexico : absolutism, Christianity, and Afro-Creole awareness, 1570–1640"
В этом исследовании, автор обнаружил много новой информации о жизни рабов и свободных чернокожих в Мексике и как их жизнь была регулированна правительством.
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Additional info for Africans in Colonial Mexico 1570–1640
With the codi¤cation of canon law in Western Europe, the Church, however, gradually encroached on the master’s domain by delimiting Christian obligations. In an effort to secure their authority, rulers of territorial states in the high Middle Ages increasingly arrogated jurisdiction in capital crimes, in the process of which they trespassed on the masters’ authority. In formulating its earliest de¤nitions of treason, most notably regicide, monarchs launched their greatest assault against a master’s dominion.
67 During the ¤rst half of the seventeenth century, the Spaniards steadily acquired more land, on which they extended the cultivation of sugar cane and constructed additional water-powered mills. The expansion of the sugar industry created a demand for more labor, and Spaniards promptly imported a mass of enslaved Africans. Consequently, the African and creole population of Morelos soared to new heights. 68 Juan Fernández de la Concha, for instance, rapidly accumulated slave labor for his growing estate.
From the beginning, New Spain’s slave society was porous, as Juan Garrido’s story and the following overview reveal. Though New Spain constituted a slave society, the experience of Africans, like all dependent relations within the colony, remained, within limitations, remarkably ®uid. The Structure of Slavery Soon after the siege and destruction of Tenochitlán, Spaniards realized that the wealth they could extract from the Nahuas consisted of tributary payments, in kind and in labor. 36 At the same time, the Spaniards initiated commercial ventures that tapped existing resources.
Africans in Colonial Mexico 1570–1640 by Herman L. Bennett