By Theodor W. Adorno
This vintage booklet by way of Theodor W. Adorno anticipates a few of the topics that experience considering the fact that turn into universal in modern philosophy: the critique of foundationalism, the illusions of idealism and the tip of epistemology. It additionally foreshadows some of the key rules that have been built through Adorno in his most vital philosophical works, together with unfavorable Dialectics.
Against Epistemology is predicated on a manuscript Adorno initially wrote in Oxford in 1934-37 in the course of his first years in exile and as a result transformed in Frankfurt in 1955-56. The textual content was once written as a critique of Husserl’s phenomenology, however the critique of phenomenology is used because the social gathering for a much wider critique of epistemology. Adorno defined this as a ‘metacritique’ which blends jointly the research of Husserl’s phenomenology because the such a lot complex example of the decay of bourgeois idealism with an immanent critique of the tensions and contradictions inner to Husserl’s notion. the result's a strong textual content which continues to be probably the most devastating reviews of Husserl’s paintings ever written and which heralded the various rules that experience turn into regular in modern philosophy.
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Extra info for Against Epistemology: A Metacritique
Expressions from Formal and Transcendental Logic (which was, of course, published after Being and Time), such as ‘authentification’ (Bewährung),37 ‘rules throughout’ (durchherrscht),38 ‘awakening’ (Weckung)39 possess a noticeably contrived selectivity and dis tance, slightly reminscent of the Stefan George school. The ἑποχή changes into the esoteric. Husserl’s epistemology furnished the auxiliary implements for an ideology, with which his scientific disposition wished to have nothing to do, but which, for its part, directly connected the pretension of the binding with what Husserl expounded in the posture of scientific reliability.
35 Cf. LU I, p. 84; and Findlay, p. 115. INTRODUCTION 33 Motivation and Tendency of Ontology The turn to ontology, which Husserl hesitatingly began and speedily revoked, was conditioned by the downfall of the great systems, as it so abruptly and thus so imposingly terrified the Kantian critique of reason. Ontologies want to be first philoso phy, but innocent of the compulsion and the impossibility of deducing itself and what is from a first principle. They want the advantages of a system without paying the penalty.
Epistemology is true as long as it accounts for the impossibility of its own beginning and lets itself be driven at every stage by its inadequacy to the things themselves. It is, however, untrue in the pretension that success is at hand and that states-of-affairs would ever simply correspond to its constructions and aporetic concepts. In other words, it is untrue according to the measure of scientificity which is its own. That the critique of such untruth may itself remain imprisoned in the abstractions which it undoes, as a superfluous concern of INTRODUCTION 26 INTRODUCTION the erudite, cannot be maintained after the materialistic dialectic, whose aim is to stand the philosophy of consciousness on its head, degenerates to the same dogmatics and dispatches philoso phy of consciousness by sheer decree, without ever having confronted the logic of the matter.
Against Epistemology: A Metacritique by Theodor W. Adorno