By Rolant Czvetkovski (ed.), Aleksis Hoffmeister (ed.)
Ethnographers helped to understand, to appreciate and in addition to form imperial in addition to Soviet Russia’s cultural range. This quantity specializes in the contexts during which ethnographic wisdom was once created. often, ethnographic findings have been outdated through imperial discourse: Defining areas, connecting them with ethnic origins and conceiving nationwide entities unavoidably implied the mapping of political and old hierarchies. yet past those spatial conceptualizations the essays rather tackle the categorical stipulations within which ethnographic wisdom seemed and altered. at the one hand, they flip to the different fields into which ethnographic wisdom poured and materialized, i.e., heritage, historiography, anthropology or ideology. at the different, they both examine the influence of the categorical codecs, i.e., photographs, maps, atlases, lectures, songs, museums, and exhibitions, on educational in addition to non-academic manifestations.
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Extra info for An Empire of Others: Creating Ethnographic Knowledge in Imperial Russia and the USSR
The homogenizing effect of this process made itself felt in the nineteenth century. Second, there was the ethnographic knowledge of the travelogues and other forms of travel literature. These not only covered a vast number of exotic cultures of the world but also claimed to present their inner logic and the laws of their functioning in a more or less subtle manner. While the world’s ethnic curiosities were described, the reader’s perception was trained to detect ethnic differences. As popular media, travelogues communicated powerful images of non-European cultures.
A. Castrén, Nordische Reisen und Forschungen [Nordic travels and investigations], 12 vols. (St. Petersburg: Kaiserliche Akademie der Wissenschaften, 1853–1862). 45 Respective museums were founded in Copenhagen in 1848, in Leipzig and Berlin in 1873, in Dresden and Rome in 1874, in Paris (Trocadéro) in 1878, and in Vienna and Oxford in 1884. Cf. Petermann, Die Geschichte der Ethnologie, 414. 46 Vermeulen, “Ethnographie und Ethnologie in Mittel- und Osteuropa,” 406. The most reliable depictions of these early developments of the subject do not mention this chair.
The Russian Academy of Sciences, the Senate, and the Admiralty wanted the findings of the Second Kamchatka Expedition to be of economic use for the empire. Thus the findings were declared secret, and the researchers had to hide their records. But under the impression of new insights from the expedition, Müller and his colleagues had to adapt their research programs. To facilitate the systematic gathering of ethnographic details, Müller wrote detailed instructions in 1737 as well as a questionnaire for his collaborator Stepan P.
An Empire of Others: Creating Ethnographic Knowledge in Imperial Russia and the USSR by Rolant Czvetkovski (ed.), Aleksis Hoffmeister (ed.)