By Robin Le Poidevin
In Arguing for Atheism , Robin Le Poidevin addresses the query of no matter if theism - the view that there's a own, transcendent author of the universe - solves the inner most mysteries of lifestyles. Philosophical defences of theism have usually been in keeping with the concept it explains issues which atheistic methods can't: for instance, why the universe exists, and the way there may be goal ethical values. the most competition of Arguing for Atheism is that the opposite is correct: that during truth theism fails to provide an explanation for many stuff it claims to. Such an interpretation has been argued for lately by means of 'radical theologians'; Arguing for Atheism is for that reason, a philosophical contribution to 1 of the most important non secular problems with our instances. Designed as a textual content for college classes within the philosophy of faith and metaphysics, this book's available kind and various causes of significant philosophical options and positions also will make it appealing to the overall reader.
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Additional resources for Arguing for Atheism: An Introduction to the Philosophy of Religion
It may be helpful to restate the argument, and our objection to it, in different terms, ones which employ the notion of possible worlds. This is not, of course, how Anselm himself conceived of his argument, but I believe we are not unduly distorting his ideas by casting them in the idiom of worlds. The point of restating the argument in these terms is that it enables us to state our objection more simply, by avoiding (at least explicit) talk of representations and their objects. Is God necessary?
Precisely because the temporal version of the argument seems to give hostages to empirical 8 The limits of theistic explanation fortune in this way, some defenders of the cosmological argument might prefer not to restrict the first premise just to things which have a beginning. And perhaps they would be right not to do so, for, if only things which have a beginning have a cause for their existence, then the discovery of conclusive evidence that the universe did not have a beginning would be a serious threat to belief in a creator.
Because of this, the modal cosmological argument may seem more defensible than the temporal version. However, as we shall see in Chapter 3, there are problems with the notion of a necessary being as a cause of the universe. It seems, then, as if there are ways to avoid a regress of causes. Let us now look at the first premises of the temporal and modal cosmological arguments. ’ How secure is this premise? A toadstool appears overnight in my garden. Seeing it the next morning, I am led to wonder both why it appeared at all and why it appeared last night and not sooner.
Arguing for Atheism: An Introduction to the Philosophy of Religion by Robin Le Poidevin